At the top of page three, start your introduction with the title of your paper centered and in bold text. The text of your introduction should then start on the next line, aligned to the left, with the start of each new paragraph indented by one tab key. Text should be double-spaced.
An introduction states the purpose of your research and gets the reader interested in your study. This section outlines the literature and includes a statement of the central purpose of your research.
Questions that will help you develop your introduction:
- What is the central research question or problem under investigation?
- What does the literature say about this area of research?
- How does the present study contribute to the literature in this area?
- If your study is quantitative in nature – What are the main hypotheses?
Start your introduction with a very general statement that establishes the area that your study relates to. For example:
Continue narrowing the focus until you have described the problem under investigation and located it in the relevant literature. Also, make sure you write in the present tense throughout the introduction unless you are referring to what other researchers have found or done in their studies. For example:
Finally, describe how your study contributes to the literature and note the main objective of your research. For example:
If your study is quantitative in nature, be sure to state your hypotheses as precisely as you can and relate them back to the earlier literature. For example:
❏ Follows the abstract
❏ Begins with the title in bold and centered at the top of page 3
❏ Indented new paragraphs
❏ Format conforms to an hour-glass shape